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PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

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1864—5.

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SALEM: PUBLISHED BY THE INSTITUTE.

1866.'

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y,

ERRATA.

Fare vil, line 21, for John H. Bettis read John B. Bettis. x, 18, for conventieal read conventical.

oe 9, ‘* 14, for Phalssenide read Phalenide.

“11. ‘' 12, after Agaristide insert a comma.

“12, “6, for lignivorus read lignivorous.

“12, 380, for strangly read strangely.

“18, 36, for Tortriide read Tortricide.

“15, heading, for Zy¢mnipIA read ZYG HENIDZ.

“15, line 24, for Zyxginide read Zygenide.

“16, 8, for maxillary read labial.

92, 11, for gives read give.

S Plate J.

The figure of the Imago should be fig. 1, not 16.

PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

ESSHX INSTITUTE: 1864.

Monpay, January 11. Evening meeting. The President, A. Huntington, in the chair. Donations to the Library and Cabinets were announced. Rev. G. W. Briggs occupied the evening in reading a portion of a Memoir of the late President of the Institute, Hon. D. A. White.

Adjourned to Thursday evening next, for the continuation of the reading of the Memoir.

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 18. Ordinary meeting. J. G. Waters, in the chair.

E. K. Roberts was appointed Secretary pro tempore.

Arthur Kemble, and William Neilson of Salem, grere elected Resident Members; Benjamin Peirce of Cambridge, James B. Endicott now in England, and William Endicott now in China, Corresponding Members.

THurspay, JANUARY 14. Adjourned evening meeting. The President in the chair. H. M. Brooks was elected Secretary pro tempore. Rev. Dr. Briggs finished the reading of his Memoir of the late Judge White.

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The thanks of the Institute were voted to Rev. Dr. Briggs, for his valuable and interesting Memoir of our late President, and a copy was requested for publication. (See Historical

Collections, VI, No. I.)

Monpay, JANUARY 25. Evening meeting. The President in the chair.

Donations were announced to the Library and Cabinets.

Letters were read, from G. A. Ward accepting membership ; from Corporation of Yale College; Trustees of the New- buryport Public Library; and New Haven Colony Historical Society, acknowledging the receipt of Publications: from R. 8. Rantoul, in relation to the naming of Forts in Marblehead and Gloucester.

George A. Ward read a communication, giving an account of the formation of the Esszx HisroricaL Society, forty-two years ago last June.

Allusions having been made in Mr. Ward’s communication, to the existence of the frame of the original “First Church,” in Salem, on the land of David Nichols, rear of Boston street, considerable discussion ensued, as to the proof of the above mentioned frame being that of the ‘First Church.’ “The President, Francis Peabody, G. A. Ward, A. C. Goodell Jr., and Rev. G. D. Wildes participated in the discussion; the: arguments agduced seemed to favor the affimative of the ques- tion.

The thanks of the Institute were voted to Mr. Ward, for his valuable communication and a copy was requested for publica- tion. (See Historical Collections, VI, No I.)

Monpay, Fesruary 8. Evening meeting. The President in the chair.

Donations to the Library and Cabinets were announced. Letters were read, from Wm. Neilson accepting membership :

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from the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, acknowledging the receipt of Publications: from Jonathan Pearson of Schenec- tady, in relation to the publications.

The Secretary read a communication from D. M. Balch, “* On the Nodalite at Salem.’ Referred to the committee on publications.

F. W. Putnam read a communication from George H. Em- erson of Cambridge, ‘On Magnetite, and an Unknown Mineral at Nahant.” Referred to the publication committee.

Rev. G. D. Wildes spoke of the thoroughly English aspects of several of our olden towns in the County of Essex, noting particularly those of Ipswich, as illustrating to the untravelled eye, the marked features of the English rural town. Probably no County in the State in its local names and physical char- acter is more suggestive of associations connected with the mother land.

A. C. Goodell Jr., in presenting to the meeting, one of the parts, (viz: the deed to the grantees, Edward Winslow and Robert Cushman,) of the original indenture or patent from Lord Shef- field, of the territory of Cape Ann, which indenture was depos- ited in the archieves of the Institute by J. Wingate Thornton Esq., of Boston, gave a brief account of the dates of the several voyages of discovery, charters and settlements by Englishmen in - America; and specially referred to the earlier grants and char- ters of the planters at New Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay.

The instrument deposited by Mr. Thornton, bearing date Jan. 1, 1623-4, he declared to be the grant under which the New Plymouth people first laid claim to Cape Ann, and began that series of settlements by fishermen and planters which laid the foundation of this flourishing Commonwealth.

Mr. Wildes followed Mr. Goodell in some remarks as to the. - great value of such documents, and alluded to the care taken of similar articles in the British Museum, mentioning several very valuable historical relics which he had seen in that collection.

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The thanks of the Institute were voted to Mr. Thornton for this valuable contribution.

WepNeEsDAY, Fepruary 10. Ordinary meeting. H. J. Cross in the chair. Charles Creesey and Joshua Safford, of Salem, were elected Resident Members. |

Monpay, FEepruary 22. Evening meeting. Vice President, A. C. Goodell Jr., in the chair.

Donations to the Library and Cabinets were announced. F. W. Putnam presented a communication by A. 8. Pack- ard Jr., of Brunswick, Maine, entitled “‘ Notes on the Family Zygenide.” Referred to the Committee on Publications.

R. S. Rantoul read the following communications which he had recently received from the War Department, at Washing- ton, accompanying the same with a brief account of his visit to Washington and his interview with Mr. Whiting, the Solicitor for the Department, in relation to the subject of naming the Forts in Gloucester and Marblehead :-—

War DEPARTMENT, Washington City, Feb. 8th, se. Rosert 8. Rantout Esq., DzAR SIR,

T have the pleasure of enclosing the order of the Secretary of War made at my request in accordance with the wishes of the Essex Institute, naming Fort Glover and Fort Conant.

Respectfully, your obedient servant,

WILLIAM WHITING, _ Solicitor of the War Department.

—E

War DEPARTMENT, : Washington City, Feb. 7th, 1864. IR, The Secretary of War directs me to acknowledge the

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receipt of Mr. Robert S. Rantoul’s communication dated Janu- ary 22d, addressed to you and enclosing copy of a resolution passed by the ‘‘ Hssex Institute’ of Salem, Massachusetts, rec- ommending that the fortifications’ now erecting in Marblehead be named Fort Glover,’”’ and the works designated for the ‘Stage’ in Gloucester ‘‘ Fort Conant.”

In reply, Iam instructed to inform you, that the Secretary regards the names proposed as suitable designations of these defences, and that he has ordered that they be named accord-

ingly. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, Ep. M. Campy, Brigadier General, A. A. G. Hon. Wm. WHITING, Solicitor of the War Department.

The chair remarked as follows: soon after the publication of Mr. W. P. Upham’s Memoir of Gen. John Glover of Mar- blehead, S. H. Phillips Hsq., suggested the propriety of hav- ing one of the Forts about to be constructed in Marblehead named Fort Glover.”

At a meeting of the Essex Institute, held on Wednesday, Sept. 2, 1863, on motion of Mr. W. P. Upham, a committee, consisting of Messrs. W. P. Upham and A. C. Goodell Jr., was appointed to codperate with the town authorities and citi- zens of Marblehead in such a manner as may be deemed ap- propriate to accomplish this object.

At a meeting held on Monday evening, Dec. 14, 1863, the subject of naming the fortifications designed for the “‘ Stage” in Gloucester, ‘‘ Fort Conant,” suggested in a letter to Mr. Goodell by J. Wingate Thornton Hsq., of Boston, in honor of Roger Conant, the founder of the first plantation in Massachu- setts Bay, was brought to the notice of the Institute and refer- red to the same Committee who’ had-under consideration the naming of the Fort'at Marblehead.

Mr. Goodell moreover stated that as’ the business for which the Committee was appointed had been so fully accomplished by Mr. Rantoul, he desired to be excused from’ further duty.

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This was voted, and also a resolution of thanks to Mr. Rantoul.

Adjourned to meet on Monday of next week, Feb. 29th, and voted that meetings be held on every Monday until otherwise ordered.

WEDNESDAY, Fesruary 24. Ordinary meeting. H. ¥. King in the chair. Henry R. Stone of Salem, was elected a Resident Member. Charles H. Hamlin of Waterville, Me., and 8. I Smith of Norway, Me., were elected Corresponding Members.

Monpay, Frpruary 29. Evening meeting.

Vice President, A. C. Goodell Jr., in the chair. Donations were announced to the Library and Cabinets. Letters were read, from Henry R. Stone, accepting member-

ship: from B. F. Mudge, of Quindaro, Wyandote Co., Kan- sas, in relation to the Geological survey of that State: from - ‘Trustees of the New York State Library; Historical Society of Pennsylvania; Henry A. Smith of Cleveland, Ohio; J. Henry Stickney of Baltimore, Md.; and N. Paine of Worcester, relating to the publications.

F. W. Putnam made some remarks on Orthopterous Insects, suggested by specimens presented to the Institute by Miss Ed- mands.

Mr. Putnam presented a communication from A. E. Verrill of Cambridge, entitled ‘‘ Synopsis of the Polyps collected dur ing the years 1853-6, by Dr. Wm. Stimpson, Naturalist to. the North Pacific ae, commanded by Captains Ring- gold and Rogers.’ Referred to the publication committee.

The Secretary read the following communication from See A. Ward, in regard to the naming of ‘‘ Fort Lee.”

“While at work in reconstructing the fort on Salem Neck in 1812 as a member of the Salem Light Infantry, my grandfather informed me that it was originally planned by General CuaRLEs Lee, and that he gave instructions regarding it, and that his name was given to it. My said Grandfather was of the Com-

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mittee of Safety and had considerable to do as to the fortifica- tions in the neighborhood of Salem, and I think he could not be mistaken as to Fort Lee.”

Extracts from the Town records were read in relation to this subject, and remarks were offered by the chair, H. Wheatland, . W. P. Upham and others. Some suggesting that the Fort was named for Colonel W. R. Lee, formerly collecter of Salem and an active officer in the Revolution:

The chair presented in behalf of J. V. Browne, a copper plate, on which was engraved the likeness of Rev. Joseph Sewall of Boston, and gave a brief sketch of the life of Mr. Sewall.

T. Ropes made some enquiries relative to the old Friends Meeting House, on the South side of Hssex street, between . Monroe and Dean streets, which were replied to by the chair.

John M. Ives spoke of the new silk worms that feed on the Ailanthus, and remarks were offered by F. W. Putnam and others on silk producing worms.

The remainder of the evening was occupied by F. W. Put- nam, who gave a general view of the geological succession of animals, and their geographical distribution at the present time.

John H. Bettis and Robert Brookhouse 8d, of Salem, were elected Resident Members.

Monpay, Marcu 7. Kvening meeting. Vice President, A. C. Goodell Jr., in the chair.

Donations to the Library and Cabinets were announced.

Letters were read, from C. E. Hamlin and §S. I. Smith, ac- cepting membership: from 8. Jillson respecting some Birds.

H. Wheatland read extracts from the Records of the Superior Court of Judicature and the Inferior Court of Common Pleas (1766) relative to one Jenny Slew of Ipswich, Spinster, (colored woman) vs. John Whipple Jr. of Ipswich, claiming damages for his detention of her as a slave. The judgment of the Inferior Court was reversed by the Higher Court and the plaintiff recovered her liberty and damages.

Rev. G. D. Wildes spoke of Domestic Servitude as it existed

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in this country prior to the Revolution, and instanced the case of a Norwegian girl in his Grandfather’s family, whose services were purchased for a term of years.

The chair alluded to a similar case in Manchester.

Mr. Wildes spoke of Marblehead as presenting a near and most interesting field of Antiquarian research for the younger mem- | bers of the Institute, whose minds might be directed to that de- partment. St. Michael’s Church, with its ancient Church yard ; the old mansions of that formerly flourishing seaport; the history of several families identified with Colonial and Revo- lutionary history, would be found to present most interesting points of enquiry.

Mr. Wildes also spoke of Christ Church, Cambridge as per- haps the best specimen, in this country, of the English Village Church of the last Century. It was a question whether the frame of this Church was brought from England or not. Mr. W. gave an interesting account of the Vassal family, in connec- tion with this Church, and of the several old mansions, still marking the social life of Cambridge in the Ante-revolutionary history of the town. A visit to Cambridge, in connection with researches into the history of some of these, even now elegant residences of a later generation, would be found to be full of interest and instruction.

Remarks of a conversational character from Messrs. Wildes, Beaman, the chair and others, relating to Boston and its vicin- ity in Revolutionary times occupied the rest of the evening.

A Committee consisting of Messrs. F. W. Putnam, J. A. Gillis, R. S. Ranteul, W. P. Upham and H. Wheatland were appointed to revise the Constitution and By-Laws.

Monpay, Marcu 14. LEHvening meeting.

Vice President, A. C. Goodell Jr., in the chair. Donations to the Library and Cabinets were announced. Letters were read from Joseph A. Goldthwait of New Berne,

N.C., relating to specimens sent to the Institute: from Wm. A.

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Smith of Worcester, Mrs. P. A. Hanaford of Beverly, 8. D. Bell of Manchester, N. H., C. M. Tracy and F. H. Oliver of Lynn, relating to business matters.

The Secretary read some extracts from the Records of two Aqueduct Corporations, which, though limited in their opera- tions, are interesting as relating to the history of the introduction of water into this city. (See Historical Collections, VI, No. I.)

F. W. Putnam exhibited the Pea Hen recently presented by ¥. Peabody and mounted by 8S. Jillson. This Hen had been _kept on the grounds of Col. Peabody for seventeen years; about two years since she commenced to assume the plumage charac- teristic of the male, and had so far accomplished this object that at the time of her death she had attained the “train” and the bril- liant colors of the male. Mr. Putnam stated that Latham, in his Synopsis of Birds, mentioned two such instances that had come under his observation. He also said that similar cases had been noticed among other birds, and was quite common in the English Pheasant. Similar changes in the external appearance were known to take place in some species of fishes.

A. C. Goodell Jr. read a portion of an account, presented by George B. Loring, of the houses on Essex street in 1793, writ- ten by Col. Pickman who died in 1819.

Thomas Morong of Gloucester, was elected a Resident Mem- ber. Jeremiah L. Hanaford of Watertown, and Benj. F. Mudge of Quindaro, Kansas, were elected Corresponding Members.

Monpay, Manrcu 21. KHvyening meeting. Vice President, A. C. Goodell Jr., in the chair.

Donations to the Library were announced.

Letters were read, from the Trustees of the New York State Library, giving notice of the transmission of books: from Trustees of the Boston Public Library, acknowledging the re- ceipt of publications: from Wm. A. Smith of Worcester, in relation to publications.

Mr. Goodell concluded the reading of Mr. Pickman’s account

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of the old houses on Essex street. Referred to the publica-

tion committee to be printed in the Historical Collections. Some discussion followed relative to the old houses in Salem,

participated in by Messrs. Ropes, Goodell and others.

Monpay, Marca 28. Evening meeting. Vice President, A. C. Goodell Jr., in the chair.

Donations to the Library and Cabinet were announced.

F. W. Putnam made some remarks upon the Trilobites from the Braintree quarry, presented by A. S. Packard Jr.

The Rev. Mr. Wildes, presented to the Institute, several articles which he had procured in a visit to Newburyport this afternoon. One of these was a framed engraving of the body of Marshal Ney, as it appeared after being taken to a conventieal house in Paris, immediately after his execution. The engray- ing, suppressed by the Allied Commander in the fear that it might tend to popular tumult, is supposed to be the only one in this country. It presents a most faithful portrait of the Mar- shal, and is not the least interesting among the historical objects in the collection of the Institute. -

Mr. W. also presented to the Institute, on deposit, the bullet by which Capt Greenleaf was wounded in the fight with the Indians near Newbury, in 1695. It is hoped, that the buff coat, worn on the occasion by Capt. G., and still in the posses- sion of his descendants, may eventually be obtained for the Institute.

A third article presented by Mr. W., on behalf of the Misses Tracey of Newburyport, was the snuff box of the eminent mer- chant Jeremiah Lee of Marblehead, the subject of the exquisite. - painting by Copley, now, with that of Madame Lee, in the pos- session of the Misses Tracey.

Another article presented by Mr. W., in behalf of E. W. Rand Esq. of Newburyport, was a pair of very ancient tongs, used for the purpose of lighting a pipe, and with various pecu-

XI

liar contrivances for securing reasonable comfort in smoking. Mr. W. accompanied the presentation with various interesting details as to these and ‘other objects of interest, which might eventually be procured from the same sources for the collections of the Institute.

F. W. Putnam called the attention of the meeting toa singu- lar monstrosity that had been presented by Mr. James Bufling- ton of Salem. This was a young duck that had, apparently, an extra leg developed from its back. Upon dissection this leg proved to be made up in some parts, of two legs closely united. The portion joining the pelvis (the femur,) being single, but the second segment of the leg (tibia and fibula) was shortened and spread out, so as to allow the articulation of /wo tarso-meta- tarsal bones, and from this point the foot was nearly double, having six toes, the two small hind toes being wanting.

Mr. William Mansfield presented to the Institute a wooden _model, used before the city government to illustrate the grade and direction of the proposed route of the Hastern Railroad, in 1837-8, through Washington Street, in Salem. This model contains, in miniature, all the buildings then standing on the

land included in the present Washington Street South of Hssex - Street, except the ‘Marston building.” The chair gave an historical sketch of these several buildings, and of earlier struc- tures in the same locality.

Additions to the Museum and Library during January, February and March, 1864.

TO THE NATURAL HISTORY DEPARTMENT.

BERTRAM, JOHN. Specimen of Malachite.

Burrineton, James. Malformed Young Duck.

Epmanps, Miss A. M. Collection of 24 species of North American: Orthoptera, named by Mr. Scudder. 250 speci- mens of New England Spiders.

Fett, 8. Q. Lime incrustation from Brazil.

Gotptuwatr, Cart. J. A., New Berne, N.C. Fossil wood, a portion of a large tree, from Neuse River, near Kingston, N.C.

Hamuin, Pror. C. H., Waterville, Me. 3 Salamanders, 2 species from Waterville.

Harrine@ton, Capt. Guo. Fossil Shells from Gibraltar.

Hartt, C. F., St. John, N. B. Fossil coral, Siderastrea siderea Blainy. from Bermuda. 7 species of Minerals from Nova Scotia.

Harrt, J. W., St. John, N. B. Two specimens of Fossil Fish from the Albert Coal Mine, N. B.

Kine, Carr. H. F. Wood of the Sophora Japonica.

Lyceum or Natura History or WILLIAMS COLLEGE. (In exchange.) 19 species of Corals from Florida, named by Mr. Verrill.

Museum or Come. ZodLtocy, Cambridge. (In exchange. ) 32 species of corals from various localities. Named by Mr. Verrill. 16 specimens, 11 species of Bird’s eggs from Florida, Grand Menan and Anticosti.

NezAuL, Jos. Body of a Fox, for Skeleton.

Orpway, H.L., Ipswich. 384 specimens, 5 species of Spi- ders from Ipswich.

PackarpD Jr., A. §., Brunswick, Me. ‘Trilobites from the Braintree Quarry. 40 species, 200 specimens of Lepidoptera Maryland. 3 species, 8 specimens of Lepidoptera from England.

Peapopy, Francis. <A female Pea fowl which had assumed the characteristic plumage of the male.

Purnam, F. W. Iron Ore from Port Henry Mines, N. Y. Clay stones from Lake Champlain.

Putnam, Capt. W. H. A. Copper'from Chili. Dry shells and Hchini from Caldera, Chili. Alcoholic specimens of Crabs and Starfishes from Caldera.

Rosinson, JoHn. 40 specimens, 12 species of Insects from Salem.

Russet, T. B. Geological specimen of Sand Stone.

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SanBorn, F. G., Boston. 117 specimens, 28 species of Spiders from Essex County.

Situ, Lawrence P. Insects from the Southern States.

Smiry, 8. 1, Norway, Me. Young Salamanders from Nor- way.

STEVENS, C. B. Skin of a Phatagin Manis tetradactyla from Madagascar.

Stone, W. H, Agent Port Henry Mines, N.Y. Specimen of the Cheever Iron Ore from four hundred feet depth.

TO THE HISTORICAL DEPARTMENT.

Barton, Wm. C. Model of a Chinese Vessel.

Brooxs, H. M. Rebel Prayer Book, from a Blockade Runner ; Child’s book of 1812.

Brown Jr., Bens. Two United States Buttons.

Brown, Horace. Feather Cape from India.

Couz, Mrs. N. D. Bust of Alex. Hamilton, (in plaster, bronzed. )

CLouTMAN, WILLIAM R. 3 China, 3 Japanese and 3 Russia Coins. Japanese Inkstand. Brick from Captain Kid’s Fort, and a Stone from the grave of ‘‘ Paul and Virginia.”

GreenoucH, W. An old Musket, taken from a Blockade Runner.

Kimpatt, Capt. Tuomas. Model of a Catamaran used on the coast of Brazil.

MANSFIELD, WM. Model used to illustrate the route of the Salem Tunnel.

Nicuous, Mrs. ANDREW. ‘Tile from the old Gov. Winslow house, Plymouth.

Nicos, C. F. Stone from the Hoosac Tunnel, half a mile from the entrance.

Nicwots, Capr. James B., 24th Reg. Mass. Vols. Stone from an old Spanish Fort at St. Augustine, Fla.

Orpway, Lizut. A., 24th Reg. Mass. Vols. Rebel Musket

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taken at the Battle of Roanoke Island. Portion of Rebel Flag- staff at Washington; N. C. f

Ranp, E. W., Newburyport. Ancient Tongs used for light- ing a pipe.

Ropinson, JoHN. War Relics from New Berne. . Chinese Playing Cards.

Rogers, Ewp. 8. Old Tiles-for Fireplace ornaments.

Russet, A. B. Cane made with a jackknife.

Smitu, Lawrence P. Rebel Sword.

Warp, G. A. The Waistcoat worn by Capt. Jonathan Har- aden during the Revolutionary war.

Warp, W. R. L., New York.- Shaving from a wrought iron cannon, made at Falls Village, Conn.

Wieein, J. K., Boston. Sword blade, from the cargo of the Anglo-Rebel Blockade Runner Minna.”

Wipes, Rev. G. D. (On deposit.) An engraving of the body of Marshal Ney, from a drawing made soon after his exe- cution. The bullet taken from the body of Capt. Greenleaf, wounded in a fight with the Indians near Newbury in 1695. The Snuff Box of the eminent merchant Jeremiah Lee of Mar- blehead. ;

TO THE LIBRARY.

CuaAse, GEorGE C. Friend’s Review, 20 numbers.

Cote, Mrs. N. D. Salem Gazette, 1863, 1 vol. folio; Boston Daily Evening Traveller 18638, 2 vols. folio.

Davis, CHARLES of Beverly. Files of Beverly Citizen, vols. 1 and 2, folio, 1850 to 18553.

Decosta, B. F. of Charlestown. Footprints of Miles Stan- dish, by Rev. B. F. Decosta, 12mo, pamph. Charlestown, 1864.

Dopez, ALLEN W. of Hamilton. Cushing’s Newburyport, 12mo, 1826; Report on Hoosac Tunnel, Feb. 1863, 8vo, pamph.

Foors. C. Files of several County Papers, for September, October, November, and December, 1863.

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GiLLis, JAMES A. Massachusetts State Registers for 1856 and 1858, 2 vols. 8vo. 25 Pamphlets.

Hanarorp, Mrs. P. A. of Beverly. Several numbers of the New Jerusalem Messenger.

-Hopspon, Joun L of Augusta, Me. Annual Rep. of Adj. Gen. of Maine for 1862, 1 vol. 8vo. Augusta, 18638.

Hotmss, Jonn C. 24th Annual Rep. of Supt. of Public Instruction of Michigan, 8vo. Lansing, 1862.

Jounson, A. B. of Utica, N.Y. Our Monetary Condition, by A. B. Johnson, 8vo, pamph. Utica, 1864.

Jounson Jr., Capt. DanieL H. Enrollment List, 5th Dist. Mass., Nov. 1863. 4to.

Jounson, Mrs. Lucy P. Independent for 1868, fol. New York.

Kinpy, W. H. of Eastport, Me. Eighth Annual Rep. Sec’y of Maine Board of Agriculture, 8vo. Augusta 1868.

Lanewortuy, Isaac P. of Boston. Spirit of Missions, ten numbers. Am. Tract Soc. of New York Annual Reports 28, 30, 32, 35, 34. Am. Tract Society of Boston. Reports 11, 87, 61, 65, 67.

Lorn, N. J. Boston Post, Dec. 1863 and Jan. 1854.

Lorine, Georee B. Two manuscript volumes containing the Expenses of Salem from 1788 to 1802, kept by Benjamin Pickman.

MASSACHUSETTS SECRETARY OF STATE. Mass. Public Doc- uments 1862, 3 vols. 8vo; Census of Mass., 1 vol. 8vo, 1863 ; 19th and 20th Registration Reports, 2 vols. 8vo; Acts and Resolves for 1863.

Moore, Gro. H. of New York. The Treason of Chas. Lee, by G. H. Moore, 1 vol. 8vo. New York, 1860. Historical Notes on the Employment of Negroes in the American army of the Revolution, by George H. Moore, 8vo, pamph. New York, 1862.

Nicuots, Cuartes F. Collection of Handbills, &e.

NicHots, Gzor@e. Christian Inquirer for 1868, 1 vol. fol. New York.

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NicHois, Henry P. Several pamphlets.

Ouiver, H. K. 27 pamphlets, including Teswetnes Docu- ments and Town Reports.

PaINnE, NarwanrEL of Worcester. Worcester Directory for 1864. 12mo.

Putnam, Capt. GzorGe D.- Regulations of the Army of the Confederate States, 12mo. Richmond, 1863.

Rantovt, R.§. Several pamphlets.

SHort, JosepH. Shepard’s Sound Believer, 12mo. Bos- ton, 1762.

SIBLEY, JoHN L. of Cambridge. 88th Annual Rep. of Pres. and Fellows of Harv. College, 8vo, pamph. Cambridge, 1864.

Stevens, C. B. Pilot from July to Dec. 1807 and part of 1809, 3 vols. folio. London.

Stone, H. M. of Providence, R. I. Report of the Ministry at Large, Jan. 24, 1862, 8vo, pamph. Providence, 1864.

Swett, 8. of Boston. Original planning, &c. of Bunker Hill Monument, by S. Swett, 8vo, pamph. Albany, 1863.

Upton, GEorGE. Scientific American, several numbers.

Upton, JAMES. Magazine of Horticulture, vols. 8 to 29, 22 vols, 8vo, Boston, 1842, &c.; Horticulturist for 1863, 1 vol., 8vo, New York, 1863; Littell’s Living Age, vols T7, 78, 79, 3 vols, 8vo, Boston, 1862; Am. Bapt. Missionary Maga- zine, vol. 43, Boston, 1863; Nautical Magazine, vols. 2 to 6, 5 vols., 8vo, New York, 1855, &.. Barry’s Fruit Garden, 1 vol., 12mo, New York, 1851; Kenrick’s Am. Orchardist, 3d edition, 1 vol., 12mo, Boston, 1841 ; Kenrick’s Am. Orchardist, Tth edition, 1 vol., 12mo, Boston, 1844; Johnston’s Agricul- tural Chemistry, 1 vol., 12mo, New York, 1844; Downing’s Fruit and Fruit Trees, 1 vol., 12mo, New York, 1845; Field’s Pear Culture, 1 vol., 12mo, NewYork, 1859; Liebig’s Agricul- tural Chemistry, 1 vol, 12mo, Cambridge, 1842; Hoare on Vine Roots, 1 vol., 12mo, London, 1844; Hoare on Grape Vines, 1 vol., 12mo,‘ Boston, 1840; Manning’s Book of Fruits, 1 vol., 12mo, Salem, 1838; Jaques on Fruit Trees, 1 vol., 12mo,

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Worcester, 1849; Thomas’ Fruit Culturist, 1 vol., 12mo, Auburn, 1849; Lindley’s Horticulture, 1 vol, 12mo, New York, 1841; Hlliott’s Fruit Grower’s Guide, 1 vol., 12mo, New York, 1854; Peter Schlemihl in America, 1 vol., 12mo, Philadelphia, 1838 ; Wood’s Modern Pilgrims, 2 vols, 12mo, Boston, 1855; Lester’s Glory and Shame of England, 2 vols.,

~12mo, New York, 1841; Pamphlets, 23.

>

Warp Jr., Cuartes. New York Journal of Commerce from July to Dec., 1868; Philadelphia Directory for 1861, 8vo; Bradbury’s History of Kennebunk Port, 12mo, Kennebunk, 1837; Commercial Relations of United States, 5 vols., Ato, Washington, (Pub. Doc.) ; Handbook to the Museum of Phil. Acad. Nat. Sci., 12mo, pamph., Philadelphia, 1862.

Waters, J. Linton of Chicago, Ill. 15th Annual Rep. of Trade and Commerce of Chicago, for 1863, 8vo, pamph.

WHEATLAND, Mrs. B. Boston Daily Transcript, July to Dec., 1863, 1 vol., folio.

WHEATLAND, STEPHEN G. 45 Pamphlets.

Wvrnan, T. B. of Charlestown. Genealogy of the Hunt Family, 4to, Boston, 1862-3.

BY EXCHANGE.

AMERICAN ANTIQUARIAN Society. Proceedings at meet- ing, Oct. 21, 1868, 8vo, pamph., Boston, 1863.

Boston Socrety or Naturau History. Proceedings, vol. Ix, Sig. 15, 16, 17, 18, 19; Journal, vol. vir, No. 4.

CaNADIAN Institute at Toronto. The Canadian Journal

‘for Jan. 1864.

Cuicaco HistoricaL Society. Hibbard’s Discourse, “A Spiritual ground of Hope for the salvation of the country,” Svo, pamph., Chicago, 1863; Several Reports of the Sanitary Commission of Illinois.

EKprtors. Historical Magazine for Jan. Feb. and March, 1864, New York, 1864.

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Epirors. The British American for J poe February and March, 1864, 8vo. Toronto 1864.

Towa Strate Huisrorican Soctzety. lowa Legis. Doc. ; House Journal, 1854, 1856, 1858, 3 vols. 8vo; Senate Journal, 1854, 1856, 1858, 3 vols., 8vo; House Journal, Extra Ses- sion, .1856, 1 vol., 8vo; Iowa Laws, 1848, 1856, 1860, 6 vols., 8vo; Lowa Legis. Doc. 1859-60, 1 vol., 8vo; Iowa Journal of Constitutional Con., 1857, 1 vol., 8vo; Lowa Con- stitutional Debates, 1857, 2 vols., 8vo; Iowa Census Returns, 1857, 1 vol., 8vo; 4th An. Report of Iowa State Agricultural Society, 1858, 1 vol., 8vo; 16 Miscellaneous pamphlets.

Lone Istanp Histortcat Society. Clark’s Onondaga, 2 vols., 8vo, Syracuse, 1849; Stiles’ Supplement to Hist. and Geneal. of Ancient Windsor, 8vo, Albany, 1863; N. Y. State Agr. Soc. Trans. 1861, 8vo; Longworth’s Directory of New York, 1840-1, 12mo; William’s N. Y. An. Reg., 1831, 1832, 1835, 1834, 1836, 1837, 6 vols., 12mo0; Brown’s History of the Shakers, 12mo, Troy, 1862; 12 pamphlets.

Mowntreat Society or Natura History. The Canadian Naturalist and Geologist, Dec. 1863. : :

New York State Lrprary, Trustees or. Laws of New- York, session 1863, 1 vol. 8vo; Journal of Senate, session 1863, 1 vol. 8vo.; Documents, Senate, session 1863, 5 vols. 8vo; Journal Assembly, session 1863, 1 vol. 8vo.; Documents, Assembly, session 1863, 9 vols. 8vo; N. Y. State Agr. Soc. Trans. 1862, 1 vol. 8vo.; N. ¥Y. Med. Soc. Trans. 1863, 1 vol. 8vo.; Am. Inst. Trans. 1862,.1 vol., 8vo.; 16th Annual | Report on State Cabinet, pamph. 8vo.

PHILADELPHIA AcADEMY oF NatuRAL ScIENcES. Pro- ceedings for August, Sept., Oct., Nov., Dec., 1863.

PupuisHEeRS. North American Review for Jan. 1864.

Monpay, ApRit 4. Evening meeting. The President in the chair. Donations were announced to the Library and Cabinets.

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Letters were read, from J. L. Hanaford of Watertown, accepting membership; and from Wm. Graves of Newburyport, on business matters.

Rev. G. D. Wildes gave an account of Queen Elizabeth’s yacht, and showed, by a drawing on the black board, that in model and rigging it very nearly resembled the North River Sloops of the present day.

He suggested that an account of the different kind of vessels used from the early settlement of the country to the present day would be a valuable contribution to our commercial history.

A. C. Goodell Jr. called attention to the late discovery of a sunken vessel near Yarmouth on Cape Cod, supposed to have foundered there in 1623, which illustrated the manner of build- ing at that period.

. F. W. Putnam, in reply to questions, described the charac- teristic form of the breast bone of swimming birds and the dif- ferent modes of progression among fishes. Mr. Putnam alluded to the erroneous views in regard to moths, as recently given in the newspapers and gave an account of the various species which are so destructive to furs, carpets, cloths, &c.

Voted ; that the committee, appointed on the 7th of March, on the Constitution and By-Laws, be requested to nominate a list of officers for election at the annual meeting.

Monpay, Aprit 11. Evening meeting.

Vice President, A. C. Goodell Jr., in the chair. Adjourned to Monday Evening the 18th inst.

Monpay, Aprit 18. Evening meeting. Vice President, A. C. Goodell Jr., in the chair.

Donations to the Library and Cabinets announced.

Letters were read, from Thomas Morong of Lanesville and B. F. Mudge of Quindaro, Kansas, accepting membership ; from Long Island Historical Society, Smithsonian Institution, and George A. Ward relating to books transmitted to the Library ;

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Messrs. Ticknor and Fields on business matters; from David Choate in reply to queries proposed; from Miss M. B. Derby accompanying a donation of a Burmese Idol sent from India in 1825, by her brother the late Capt. Alfred F. Derby; from James T. Tucker, of the staff of General Banks, relating to a donation to the Historical Department, of the envelope, franked by President Lincoln which enclosed his recognition of the election of Governer Hahn of Louisiana.

Rev. G. D. Wildes exhibited a piece of stone taken from a window sill in Kenilworth Castle, and made some interesting remarks about that celebrated place. Mr. W. also exhibited several views of the house in which Shakespeare was born and of other interesting localities in the vicinity of Stratford upon Avon, and gave a description of the same.

The remarks of Mr. Wildes called forth a general discussion upon the life and writings of Shakespeare.

F. W. Putnam mentioned that Mr. James H. Emerton had found’a female Lump Fish Cyclopterus lumpus, having ma- tured eggs, just on the point of being laid, and had made an estimate of their number, which amounted to 258,372. Five hundred eggs weighed 43 grains.

Col. J. H. Wildes, Asst. Surveyor General of California was elected a Corresponding Member.

Voted to adjourn to Monday evening, the 25th inst.

Monpay, Aprit 25. Hvening meeting. The President in the chair.

Donations were announced to the Library and Cabinets, Letters were read, from Newburyport Public Library and Pennsylvania Historical Society, acknowledging the receipt of publications; from Messrs. Crosby & Nichols of Boston, and Henry A. Smith of Cleveland, Ohio, on business matters ; from Mrs. P. A. Hanaford in relation to holding a Field Meeting in Reading.

F. W. Putnam, from the Committee on the Constitution and

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By-Laws, submitted the first reading of the amendments to the Constitution to be acted upon at the annual meeting,

Mr. Putnam read a communication from A. 8. Packard Jr. of Brunswick, Me., entitled ‘‘The Humble Bees of New Hng- land, and their parasites, with notices of a new species of An- thophorabia, and a new genus of Proctotrupide.”’ Referred to the Publication Committee.

The subject which occupied a portion of the last meeting, and which had engrossed the attention of the Literary and Historical Societies during the past week, the ter-centenary birth day of Shakespeare, was resumed, remarks being made by the chair, Messrs. Wildes, Beaman and others.

John Kilburn of Salem was elected a Resident Member.

Monpay May 2. Evening Meeting. Vice President, A. C. Goodell Jr., in the chair.

Donations to the Cabinets and Library were announced.

Letters were read, from Henry Saltonstall of Boston, Justin Rideout of Boston, L. Saltonstall of Newton, and the Post- master of Boston, on business matters; from the Misses Derby, relating to a donation of books to the Library ; from the Mass. Historical Society, acknowledging the receipt of publications ; from John Kilburn, accepting membership. ©

A variety of May-flowers having been placed upon ‘the table, and the subject of May-day festivals having been alluded to, the Chair remarked that the return of another May-day, with its accompanying festivities, invites us to consider the pleasant change now working in the public mind of New England with regard to the observance of this ancient holiday of our Mother- land.

The very name of May, not less than the practices used to usher in the month, runs: back into the obscurity of antiquity. The poet Ovid, whose surmise has been generally adopted, de- rives it from the names of several Roman deities, among whom is the fair Maia, the mother of Mercury. But there are, on

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the other hand, some reasons to support the conjecture that the name is of Teutonic origin; and, as this conjecture neither wounds our vanity nor conflicts with history, we may safely assume it to be the true one, and so unbridle fancy to carry back our May-day festivals beyond the time of the Heptarchy, into the woods of Germany, aud among those hilarious wild-men, the primitive ancestors of our Saxon stock.

Whatever gave rise to the ceremonies of May-day—whether they are a relic of the early mythology of the Teutonic peo- ples,” or a continuation of the FYoralia of the Romans, or a Christian festival in honor of the Blessed Virgin, as has been variously supposed by different investigators of the subject—all are agreed that, in England; at least, they are of so ancient observance that “‘the memory of man runneth not to the contrary ;”’ and that, universally, they symbolize the joy of mankind at the triumph of the Sun over the frosts and barren- ness of Winter.

The celebration of the May-games was extremely distasteful to the Puritans and other early reformers in the English Church ; and, doubtless, the many excesses of the revellers—the wantonness and debauchery inseparable from these festivals— were sufficiently scandalous to all pious and moral men. Lat- imer, who suffered martyrdom in the reign of Mary, discloses another objection to these pastimes in a sermon preached before the young King Edward against the popular observance of Robin Hood’s day, which, he complains, sometimes drew all the parish away from church. “I thought,’’ he mournfully says, concerning an instance of this kind within his own experience, ‘“my rochet would have been regarded; but it ven not serve, it was faine to give place to Robin Hood’s men.’

The Puritans were certainly not steeled against all the sweet influences of nature, nor backward in their enjoyment and praise of the beauties of Spring; and it was the chief of Puritan poets whose “Song on May Morning,” remains to this day un- approachable in its excellence.

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But the Puritans were not blind to the evils already alluded to, and, moreover, it is clear that they considered the May-pole to be a relic of those heathen rites performed by the ancients in their worship of the goddess Flora: it was for this reason that Philip Stubs arraigned the May-games in 1595, in his ‘‘ Anat- omie of Abuses ;” and for this reason sixty years later, Thom- as Hall made them the subject of his ‘“ Munebria Flore; or, Downfall of May-games,’’ &c. Here, in New England, our good old Governor Bradford, of Plymouth, also condemned them for the same reason.

Not long after the landing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth some évents occurred in their neighborhood, which called forth an official denunciation of May-day festivities, by the colonial au- thorities; and the rebuke was administered in so emphatic a manner that,-if it has not effectually prevented a repetition of these ceremonies for all time, in New England, it has, at least, brought upon them a stigma which the lapse of two centuries has not wholly removed.

The Chair then proceeded to give an account of ‘‘Thomas Morton, of Clifford’s Inn, Gent.’’—as he styles himself in his “New English Canaan’’—and of the famous May-day revels at ‘‘ Ma-re Mount,’”’ now Mount Wollaston, in Quincy, which were celebrated under his direction in 1626.

After detailing the particulars of the action of the colonial authorities against Morton, the dispersion of his followers and the destruction of his plantation, the Chair narrated the princi- pal known facts of his subsequent career down to the time of his death at York in Maine, in 1646, and stated that this first May-day jubilee continued to be, for generations, the last. There had been May-day festivities in Maine before the affair at Mt. Wollaston, and there is some reason to suppose that Morton was a participant in those revelries; but, after his ex- pulsion, and the destruction of his plantation at ‘‘ Mount Dagon” no Puritan father was ever offended by the sight of the scanda- lous altar of Flora enticingly set up before the innocent eyes

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of his children. But the times are greatly changed since the dark and troubled days of the Pilgrims. There is now, hap- pily, no need of ceaseless vigilance and the most sensitive jeal- ousy in guarding a tender faith from the two-fold danger of relapsing into error or being contaminated by new and specious ' fallacies. . Around our morals, our faith, our liberties, as their great bulwark of safety, modern science has thrown a network of invulnerable truths till old besetting evils have lost their power of harm forever.

No prejudices, then, based on the experience of an age remote and quite unlike the present, should be suffered to interfere with the celebration of the pleasant and pure festivities which of late years are beginning to be observed on May-day, in some parts of New England. It is to be hoped, rather, that we shall add some day in May to the list of legal.holidays, and | that, from the St. Croix to where ‘‘ Mine Host of Ma-re Mount” sleeps under the brow of Agamenticus, and thence to Mount Wollaston, where he held his revels, and so along the entire boundary of our Union, May morning will evermore be held sacred to the celebration of the sun’s return, the bursting of green buds and the birth of the flowers.

T